The India Trivia Quiz: Indian Flag

National Bird of India: History, Significance, and Facts About the Peacock

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Welcome, trivia enthusiasts, to another edition of our exploration into the stories behind the questions! Today, we’ll be looking at the world of Indian culture and wildlife as we uncover the nation’s national bird.

So strap in as we dive into the origins, symbolism, and the awe-inspiring characteristics of India’s national bird, along with some surprising facts and myths that have woven themselves into its storied plumage.

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The National Bird of India: The Peacock

The national bird of India is the majestic peacock, scientifically known as Pavo cristatus. This stunning bird holds a special place in Indian culture, history, and mythology.

Cultural Significance

In India, the peacock is revered for its beauty and grace. It is often associated with traits such as elegance, pride, and vitality. The peacock’s iridescent feathers have captured the imagination of poets, artists, and craftsmen for centuries.

The peacock is also a prominent figure in Indian folklore and mythology. It is closely associated with several Hindu deities, most notably Lord Krishna, who is often depicted with a peacock feather adorning his hair. In Hindu beliefs, the peacock symbolizes immortality and is considered a symbol of purity.

Historical Context

The peacock was officially declared as the national bird of India in 1963 due to its cultural and historical significance. This decision was a result of its symbolic representation of the country’s unity in diversity and vibrant cultural heritage.

It’s interesting to note that the peacock has been a revered bird in India for thousands of years, with its imagery found in ancient texts, sculptures, and paintings.

Conservation Efforts

In addition to its cultural importance, the peacock’s conservation has been a focus of attention in India. It is protected under the country’s wildlife protection laws, and special efforts are made to conserve its natural habitats and prevent illegal trade in peacock feathers.

Misconceptions about the National Bird of India

It’s a common misconception that the national bird of India is the sparrow. However, the peacock holds this honor, not the sparrow.


While the sparrow is indeed a popular bird in India, it is not the national bird. The peacock, with its resplendent plumage, was declared the national bird of India in 1963 for its cultural and religious significance. Its distinctive appearance and association with Indian traditions make it a fitting choice to represent the country.

The peacock’s graceful presence in Indian mythology and folk tales, as well as its depiction in art and poetry, have solidified its status as the majestic national bird of India.


Another popular misconception is that the parrot is the national bird of India. However, while the parrot holds cultural significance in India and is often associated with Indian art and folklore, it is not the national bird.

Although often confused with the peacock due to its colorful plumage, the parrot’s role in Indian culture does not extend to the official status of national bird, which is reserved for the striking peacock.


Some may mistakenly believe that the eagle is the national bird of India. While eagles are powerful and majestic birds, the national bird distinction belongs to the peacock, not the eagle.

The peacock’s significance in Indian culture, as well as its prevalence in Indian art, dance, and mythology, sets it apart as the emblematic national bird, distinct from the eagle.

In Conclusion

So, the national bird of India is the majestic peacock. This colorful and graceful bird holds a special place in Indian culture and is often associated with beauty, grace, and integrity.

It’s always exciting to explore the diverse symbols and traditions that define a country. India’s national bird is just one example of the vibrant heritage that makes the country truly remarkable.

If you’ve enjoyed learning about India’s national bird, why not discover more interesting facts about the country by taking The India Trivia Quiz? Test your knowledge and dive deeper into the enchanting world of Indian culture and geography!

Professor Leonard Whitman